philosophy research topics

1. "Age Of Knowledge".

Desc: This ten-page paper discusses the important aspects of the age of knowledge and focuses on its impact on the organizational and social setup. The old factors of productions such as labor, land and capital are being rapidly wiped out, as knowledge has become the dominant player in this era of information technology. These changes have transformed the structure and behavior of American organization. 10 pgs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

2. A Brief Analysis of John Stuart Mill's On Liberty .

Desc: This paper will discuss the philosophy of John Stuart Mill and make clear his intentions in his book "On Liberty". He uses themes of politic to discuss his views on Utilitarian government and the way that he thought government should be. By making it clear of the individuality of his philosophy, he opened up the gateway for more rights to be had in governments around the world. 2 pgs. Bibliography lists 1 source.

3. A Character Analysis: Examining Philosophical Debates in A Dialogue in Personal Identity and Immortality by John Perry

Desc: This paper will seek a character analysis by examining the philosophical debates in the book: A Dialogue in Personal Identity and Immortality by John Perry. By understanding the Platonic premise of Perry's charcters in this book, we can realize the immortality of the Soul, as well as the defining issues around the Soul that create personal identity.

4. A Comparison and Contrast of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.

Desc: This paper will discuss the philosophy of Hobbes and Locke, and seek to compare their ideas on modern political philosophy. By understanding human nature, origin of the state, the nature of government, and the right of revolution, we can see how they influence ach other through history.

5. A Comparison of the Philosophies of Kant and Mill Concerning the Terminally- Ill.

Desc: This paper provides a philosophical argument concerning terminal illness. The premise is that the arguments of two philosophers, John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant, are used to inform a hospital patient that she is suffering from a terminal illness. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

6. A Critical Analysis of Pythagoreanism.

Desc: This paper will argue that Pythagoreanism was a transitional movement in the history of Western philosophy, possessing elements of earlier religious superstition existing side-by-side with sophisticated modes of philosophical inquiry. 4 pgs. Bibliography lists 1 source.

7. A Critical Evaluation of Fred Sommers Critique of Kantian Ethics in The Holocaust and Moral Philosophy

Desc: In the essay "The holocaust and moral philosophy" Fred Sommers sets out to account for the acquiescence of the German people in the holocaust during the Second World War. The Nazis are variously estimated to have killed between 6 and 21 million Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, handicapped or sick people, and others, during the six years they rampaged through Europe. Although the Soviets and the Chinese killed more people altogether, they had much more time to do this; the Nazis killed the most people per year that any regime has ever killed ("Democide in Nazi Germany").

8. A Dead Socrates and a Happy Cat: The Question of a Life Worth Living.

Desc: This paper will assert, it is possible to live a very happy, unexamined life. However, it will be argued that the operative word in Socrates' claim is not "happiness" but "worth". In this analysis, it becomes clear that only a life characterized by reflection upon the nature of things can be considered - at least within the parameters set by Socrates (Plato) - to be a worthwhile existence. 6 pgs. 5 f/c. 1b.

9. A Defense of Ethical Objectivism

Desc: This paper is an outline of the article "A Defense of Ethical Objectivism" by Louis P. Pojman in whcih the author examines the rationale for both relativism and objectivism and considers arguments for each before determining that there is a rationale for objective moral principles and arguments to support developing and adhering to such principles.

10. A Definition of Divorce in American Society

Desc: This paper will seek to understand a solid definition for the word 'divorce' in American culture. By using a three tiered system of morality, legal issues, and personal conflicts of interest, we can see how this defintion can be poised. In avoiding simple categories with one defintion in mind, we can see how we can broaden this term to show how divorce is a complex process involving three different subcategories.

11. A Discussion of the Truth in Freedom.

Desc: This paper looks at two essays concerning free will and freedom. The first, Delusion of Free Will by Robert Blatchford, and the second, Freedom and Determinism by Richard Taylor. This paper will compare and contrast the opinions of these two philosophers and the understand of true freedom. 7 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

12. A Modern Lazarus.

Desc: This paper examines whether one should believe a claim of reanimation.

13. A Moral Analysis: Socrates in the Modern World.

Desc: This paper will discuss how Socrates might have responded in today' world to immorality, and why it would not be very different in this perspective. By analyzing the texts of Plato, we can see how Socrates might have responded as he did in 500 B.C., as he would have in the present times.

14. A Philosophical Analysis of Thought and Innate Perception in the Philosophy of Renee Descartes and John Locke

Desc: This paper will discuss the nature of innate thought along the lines of Cartesian philosophy in the mind of Rene Descartes. By understanding his constructions on pure thought, we can see how Locke refutes his ideas of innate traits of reasoning, especially in knowing God. By using Descartes own method of Cartesian aspects of reasonong, Locke deduces Descartes theories into over-generalized subjectivity.

15. A Philosophy Experiment

Desc: This paper is designed for presentation at a philosophy class. The topic involves an "experiment" - in this instance the client provided the thoughts relative to what the experiment would entail: i.e. a cross cultural language exchange with a female Chinese student. This paper outlines the student's reasons for opting for this "experiment" and his findings from same.

16. A Problem of Language: Bertrand Russell's Theory of Atomism.

Desc: 11 pgs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

17. A Question of Responsibility: The Function of Ethics in the Debate between Freedom and Determinism.

Desc: This essay will argue that the debate between freedom and determinism is not a moot or abstract philosophical argument but is, rather, a profoundly practical question given that, at its core, it deals with the attribution of moral responsibility for action. As will be seen, although thinkers who reflect on this question often resort to complex thought problems, in the end the debate invariably returns to the issue of whether individuals can be considered morally responsible for their actions.

18. A Summary of Does Morality Depend on Religion

Desc: This paper will suammarize the article: Does Morality Depend on Religion? By assessing the meaning of what the author is trying to say, we can see how he separates religion from morality, and uses philosophical means to dissprove the relationship between the two issues. Also, by acceeding the fallibility of the Bible in such matters, the article shows how the Scriptures say little on morality, and further show how morality should not be mixed with religion.

19. A Theological Analysis: Platos Opposition to Atheism in Book X of The Laws

Desc: This paper will focus on Plato's Laws, and help us to learn how he refutes atheism in his dialogue with Cleinias in Book X. By observing the ideas of the Soul, and the possibilities that the mind offers, we can see that there is a hierarchy of Soul matter that connects mankind with the God's or the Creator. Plato refutes atheism by defining and acknowledging the lack of virtue in godlessness.

20. AComparison and Contrast of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.

Desc: This paper will discuss the philosophy of Hobbes and Locke, and seek to compare their ideas on modern political philosophy. By understanding human nature, origin of the state, the nature of government, and the right of revolution, we can see how they influence ach other through history.

21. Addressing Moral Character: The Works of Plato, Mill, and Nietzsche.

Desc: The issue of a fundamental knowledge between the qualities of right- doing and wrong- doing is found in many works of philosophy, where the authors suggest that there is an awareness of these qualities within the human being. This paper briefly presents several key philosophers and their views on these intrinsic qualities. Personal views are presented to support this text. 3 pgs. bibliography lists 5 sources.

22. Addressing Spinoza and Nietzsche: Reason, God, and Nature.

Desc: This paper shall present a dialogue between the philosophers of Spinoza and Nietzsche in order to evaluate the positions of these two philosophers on the irrational and on reason in respect to the existence of God, religion, and nature. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

23. Akkadian History and the Epic of Gilgamesh.

Desc: Synopsis: This paper will seek to understand the historical implications within the Epic of Gilgamesh. We can see the philosophy of the Akkadians, as the authors of the text, becoming the central role in the theme of unrealistic strength portrayed by Gilgamesh.

24. Alfred North Whitehead's Science and the Modern World .

Desc: This essay discusses Alfred North Whitehead's view of math and science in philosophy. His basic theme is that concrete entities are not enduring substances but events that are connected to each other by their space-time relations and qualitative and mathematical patterns. In Whitehead's view, time is differentiated from space by the acts of inheriting patterns from the past. 4 pgs. Bibliography lists 1 source.

25. An Analysis of the Premise Philosophical Thought.

Desc: By analyzing the quote: "Philosophy is really homesickness, an urge to be at home everywhere." by Novalis, we can learn how "sensitive mindfulness" and "anticipatory knowing" are related to this statement. By learning how these ideas relate in philosophy, we can decipher what Novalis was expressing in this famous quote.

26. An Analysis and Application of Virtue Ethics to the Treatment of Animals.

Desc: While today we talk of acts being good or bad often in reference to some ethical code or rule, if one were to read Plato or Aristotle one would find them assessing acts on the basis of their promotion of the good in individuals. The ethical theory under which the ancient Greek philosophers operated is now termed "virtue ethics". In order to better understand this complex mode of ethical judgement, this essay will describe in detail what it entails. Then, in order to better appreciate its significance, it will be applied to the question of the ethical treatment of animals in the modern world. Finally, on the basis of the description and application, an evaluation will be made of its value as an ethical theory. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

27. An Analysis on the Nature of Immortality in Substance Dualism

Desc: This paper will analyze the nature of substance dualism and the belief in immortality, which Plato and Descartes espouse in their logic. By understanding the separation of mind from the body; we can see a soul-connection to God, which unites them all together in the philosophy of substance dualism. These factors seem to show a relevant logic that might reveal the immortality of the human soul.

28. An Argument for William James Over Metaphysics and Nihilism.

Desc: This paper will discuss William James and some of the key point that he stressed in his philosophy and ideas within his lifetime and argue against Metaphysics and Nihilism; popular belief systems within his time. Arguments will be made for a contrast and compare discussion of this man's life and work, but argue for the tremendous influence of his philosophies of Functionalism and Pragmatism over these systems of thought. By discussing the differing elements of these ideas, perhaps a more objective view may be taken in finding what works in is philosophy and why he was a pioneer in his field. 10 pgs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

29. An Argument from Relativity.

Desc: This paper makes an argument from relativism. A foundation argument of skepticism, relativism holds with no absolute moral truth but is dependent on an individual's or community's interpretation of a moral truth. A skeptic is one who believes that ethics is subjective. In other words, that certain moral principles are neither true nor false in and of themselves but simply have ascribed to them those properties according to taste and convenience. The argument from relativity takes as its premise that moral codes vary from society to society, time period to time period and also takes into account the differing moral beliefs between different classes and groups within a society. 3.5 pgs. 7 f/c. 3b.

30. An Ethical Analysis: The Accountant's Dilemma.

Desc: One of the problems of ethical analysis is the fact that the application of two ethical theories to the same case can actually produce two different choices for action. As will be seen in the following application of utilitarianism and Kant's ethical theories to the case study of the "The Accountant's Dilemma" not only do these theories provide two different choices, but both present valid arguments for each choice. However, it will be argued that the utilitarian theory presents the preferred ethical alternative. 6 pgs. 1 source.

31. An Examination of a Quote by Emmanuel Levinas.

Desc: It will be argued, contrary to Leibniz and Levinas, that we must not "abandon the world to useless suffering", but rather "accept" the world of evil although struggling and fighting every step of the way. It is this frank acknowledgement of the overwhelming weight of the human condition that gives to this struggle its heroic, mythic qualities. 7 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 pages.

32. An Nature Verse Nurture Analysis of Bladerunner, Go Tell It On the Mountain by James Baldwin, and Devil With a Blue Dress.

Desc: This paper will seek to understand how the movie Bladerunner, Go Tell It On the Mountain by James Baldwin, and Devil With a Blue Dress relate to nurture and nature analysis. IN this we can see what genetic affects are placed on the main characters, and what traits are being taught by society.

33. Analogy - Ration Definition.

Desc: This paper answers varying questions on the methods of analogy, and how they are defined. By using examples of three and four term analogies, we can see how they prove theories and ideas.

34. Analysis and Evaluation of Model and Theory

Desc: This paper examines the Hypothesis Identification Article and the Newman Theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness. Theory relies upon a finite set of variables and criterion for its use. Therefore, it is an abstraction with no physical representation other than in the results. A model, however, is a very physical realization of ideas and theoretical guidelines as well as breeding ground for new theories. It is the purpose of this paper to examine theory and model in nursing using Margaret Newman's Theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness and model in Sister Callista Roy's Adaptation Model. Analysis and Evaluation of Model and Theory

35. Analysis of Bacon's, Burton's, and Montagu's Arguments.

Desc: This ten-page undergraduate paper is a discussion of three discourses, both individually and as a whole, with some comparison and contrast. The construction of the arguments and their content is analyzed. 10 pgs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

36. Analysis of Buddhism.

Desc: This paper discusses the religion of Buddhism, including some of its basic beleifs, its history, its growth in different parts of the world, and ways in which it fits into different societies without clashing with other beliefs.

37. Analysis of Passages fromNietzsche and Kierkegaard.

Desc: 6 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

38. Analysis of Plato's Four Steps.

Desc: This paper will discuss the view that Images are the most popular concept of Plato's Four Steps. By analyzing these concepts together, we can see how this is step is most important today, especially in the wake of the Television Age that we live in. By showing that we live in a society that is based on Image, through the scope of television, we can see how this is the dominating factor in our society in the steps that Plato laid out for us. 3 pgs. No sources listed.

39. Analysis of Plato: 189E-194E, pp. 25-31.

Desc: This five-page undergraduate paper is an analysis of pp. 25-31 in the Symposium. All five sections of the questions are answered fully, with emphasis on the final part since it is a critical discussion.

40. Analysis of Two Passages

Desc: This six-page undergraduate paper is an analysis of two passages from Nietzsche and Kierkegaard. One concern living the heroic or ideal life and the other concerns the process of education needed to achieve such a life. For the most part, both philosophers are stating the same idea that life is personal and unique. Their assumptions, perspectives and implications are examined.

41. Analysis on the Influence of Thomas Carlyle on Ralph Waldo Emerson

Desc: This paper will examine the realtionship between Thomas Carlylye and Ralph Waldo Emerson in relation to Transcendentalism. By understanding Carlyle's perspectives in the early philosophy of Goethe, we can realize the influence on Emerson through this older Scottish writer, especially in the Transcendental philosophy he was to create. Emerson was greatly in admiration of Carlyle for his reason, logic, and religious convictions about Nature, and this will analyzed within this paper.

42. Anaximander's and Anaximenes' Views on the First Principle.

Desc: This paper will compare Anaximander's and Anaximenes' views on the first principle and argue if there are any theoretical advantages to either position. 3.5 pgs. 9 f/c. 1b.

43. Ancient Greek Philosophy of Stoicism

Desc: This paper examines the ancient Greek philosophic school of Stoicism founded by Zeno of Citium shortly after the death of Aristotle in 322 BC. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the particulars of this school of thought, particularly its division of philosophy into three distinct elements: logic, physics, and ethics. For the Stoics, the first two formed the foundation for a pursuit of the last.

44. Answers to Philosophys Questions

Desc: This paper answers four different questions about philosophy. The first question discusses the finite and contingent universe. The second question discusses how humans are made out of recycled stardust. The third question discusses ambiguous event called death. The fourth question discusses whether a person has an absolute obligation to obey. Kant's philosophy is used to address this question.

45. Anticipation of Old Age is Possible if Preparation is Made

Desc: This three-page undergraduate paper is an argument that both middle age and old age for women can be horrible. In fact these periods have become much worse than when de Beauvoir wrote. However, growing old does not have to be a progression from wasteland to desert. Young women need to invest in their futures and make the preparation so that they can live rich lives.

46. Antigone.

Desc: At the heart of Sophocles' play Antigone there is an examination of what constitutes a morally right action. Antigone believes that a personal system of ethics, based on the dictates of the gods, takes precedence over the state's standard of what is good or morally right. Her defiance of Creon, the ruler, ends up costing Antigone her life. 2 pgs. 6 f/c. 1b.

47. Are Humans Free

Desc: This is a 3-page paper that uses different theories of human freedom and free will to answer the question of: Are Humans Free? 3 pgs. Bibliography lists 1 source.

48. Are Richer Nations Morally Obliged to Assist Poorer Nations in their Development Efforts

Desc: This paper looks at whether or not richer states are morally obliged to assist poorer states in their efforts at economic development. Using Rawls's distributive justice model as the backbone of the paper, it is concluded that such an obligation does exist in practice, though there is no underlying compulsion for states to assist others other than in their own self interest. The study concludes by arguing that the more important question may actually be what rich states can actually do to ameliorate inequality. In the end, it seems that good intentions and deeds may not be enough to overcome the natural laws of inequality. 11 pgs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

49. Are Utilitarian and Totalitarian Punishments Acceptable in the Face of Free Will

Desc: This argument addresses the issue of utilitarianism and whether it can be used to justify punishments. The author concludes it can because it creates the best results for society. Totalitarianism and the right to punish are also examined. The writer also concludes that criminals act of free will and earn their punishments. Drug crimes are used for examples. A good guide to understanding the philosophy of crime and punishment.

50. Aristotle.

Desc: This paper discusses Aristotle and his concepts concerning moral goodness or righteousness. In order to achieve human happiness, man must discover its nature as well as what the function of a human being is, because his happiness or the pursuit of it depends on that function, which must pertain and is essential to one's being human. Man, unlike animals and inanimate objects, possesses the power of reason, which resides in his intellect. This power sets him apart from animals and other created things. Because his rational (or reasoning) quality or part is what constitutes his identity as well as his highest activity, his happiness, therefore, consists in acting according to reason. This is expressed in the practice of virtues.

51. Aristotle and Personality.

Desc: This paper discusses that Aristotle is talking about the concept of self-sufficiency. This self-sufficiency is closely inter-related with the concepts of happiness and pleasure. In order to attain "the good" there must be the understanding that pleasure in self-sufficiency will lead to happiness. 5 pgs. 4 f/c. 1b.

52. Aristotle and Augustine: A Dialogue on Politics and Government

Desc: The six page paper is in the form of a dialogue between Aristotle and Saint Augustine on politics and government. The author notes that Aristotle believed believe that for citizens, political morality should not be conceived of in terms of divine rules and principles, but through the cultivation of traits and character. The moral issue is not to 'do', but to 'be'. For Aristotle, morality is grounded in human nature and in the exercise of our reason, and virtue is essential.

53. Aristotle and Greek Tragedy.

Desc: This paper discusses Greek tragedy and Aristotle. Aristotle argues that the function of Greek tragedy is to evoke pity and fear in the audience, and to achieve a "catharsis" or purgation of emotion. In simpler words, its purpose is to illuminate moral truths for the public. Aristotle believed that tragedy was the imitation of reality, intended to purify by arousing "pity and terror" in its spectators. He based his analysis on a few plays by Sophocles, most notably "King Oedipus", when he said that the central character of a tragedy should be a noble person who is brought down because of some flaw in his or her own nature.

54. Aristotle and Sensory Perception in his writing On the Soul.

Desc: This paper will cover the theory of Aristotle's On the Soul and sum up the qualities that this philosophy represent in the conditions of sense perception in this field. By understanding how the sense play tricks on us, we can see how he seems to think of ties as a trick upon our sense when we seek the essence of the soul. But dos not answer such things as how we can investigate such phenomenon in today's world. 3 pgs. Bibliography lists 1 source.

55. Aristotle on Motion.

Desc: Aristotle was a brilliant philosopher, but many of his scientific beliefs have been proven to be incorrect. One example is the fact that Aristotle believed that the earth was the center of the universe. Regarding Aristotle's views on the idea of motion, he was in conflict with another Greek thinker named Zeno who had attempted to analyze the motion of an object as a series of "still frames." Aristotle did not believe that motion could not occur this way. This paper delves into Newtonian science and quantum physics and tries to understand Aristotle as a philosopher. 5 pgs. 10 f/c. 4b.

56. Aristotle's Concept of Happiness: moral virtues and intellectual virtues.

Desc: This paper explains Aristotle's concept of happiness. Based on his book Nicomachean Ethics, it argues that happiness or living well is the attainment of the highest good, which is guided by proper function and virtue. None of them are instinctive actions in that human beings do not act without using reason. They lead a person to act voluntarily and well to attain happiness.

57. Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics

Desc: This paper is based upon Joe Sach's scholarly translation of Aristotle's "Nichomachean Ethics." The core of the paper relates what would happen to the premises set forth in this document by Aristotle if one, or more, of his assumptions were proved inaccurate. There is also discussion of the importance of translation when dealing with works of foreign origin.

58. Aristotle, Socrates, Mill and the Good Life .

Desc: This essay discusses what Aristotle, Socrates and Mill thought about the "good life." For Aristotle, the criteria was that there had to be finality and self-sufficiency in things. Socrates believed the good life was about inquiry and learning. Mill, meanwhile, felt that freedom and individual liberty were the foundations to the good life. 9 pgs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

59. Aristotle, The Moral Virtues, And The Education Of Ignorant And Immoral Youth.

Desc: This paper discusses that the reading of Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics as a model for ethical training in the contemporary world is a task which cannot help but lead to misunderstandings. 4 pgs. 7 f/c. 1b.

60. Art in Plato's Republic Book I in Respect to Ethics and Philosophy.

Desc: This paper examines Book I of Plato's The Republic. It focuses on issues related to the definition and meaning of Art.

61. Arthur Properly Revises Singer

Desc: Singer's inability to account for entitlements is Arthur's chief point of difference with Singer's greater moral evil principle. Although agreeing with Singer's greater moral evil principle on a fundamental level, Arthur recognizes that the good of society also depends upon the efforts made by the people that make up that society. An ideal moral code cannot be allowed to fail because of unreal expectations upon the people and effort must be encouraged in order to foster a better society; therefore, inclusion of Rights and Just Deserts must factor into the equation when forming the ideal code.

62. Arthur Schopenhauer.

Desc: This is a paper that provides Arthur Schopenhauer's philosophy on life. It uses 12 sources. 11-pages, bibliography lists 12 sources.

63. Augustine's Philosophy and An Analysis of The City of God.

Desc: This three-page undergraduate paper examines Augustine's philosophy as expressed in The City of God. The author explains Augustine's views on pagan motivations, the limits of pagan philosophy, the duties of Christians in the earthly city, and other related issues.

64. Augustine's Philosophy: An Analysis of The City of God

Desc: This three-page undergraduate paper examines Augustine's philosophy as expressed in The City of God. The author explains Augustine's views on pagan motivations, the limits of pagan philosophy, the duties of Christians in the earthly city, and other related issues.